GIS Dictionary

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  1. [data management] The process of organizing, analyzing, and cleaning data to increase efficiency for data use and sharing. Normalization usually includes data structuring and refinement, redundancy and error elimination, and standardization.
  2. [statistics] A process in which data attributes are adjusted to facilitate comparison of values in different units and scales. For spatial data, normalization is also used to adjust for differences in the sizes of data collection units. A special case of normalization is standardization.

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