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  1. [network analysis] A measure of the amount of resistance, or cost, required to traverse a path in a network, or to move from one element in the network to another. Resistance may be a measure of travel distance, time, speed of travel multiplied by distance, and so on. Higher impedance values indicate more resistance to movement, and a value of zero indicates no resistance. An optimum path in a network is the path of lowest impedance, also called the least-cost path.

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