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How To: Count the number of point features within a polygon

Summary

Often, GIS users perform a common task of counting the number of point features that are contained in a polygon. For example, the image below displays the map of Indonesia with the locations of known significant earthquakes around the country.

Earthquakes (points) occurred around Indonesia (polygon)

This workflow explains steps to determine the number of earthquakes that have occurred in the polygon that represents Indonesia.

Procedure

Note:
For help in determining how to symbolize your map based on the number of point features contained or intersecting a polygon, please refer to knowledge base article 000012179, How to symbolize polygons based on the number of intersecting points.

The instructions provided describe how to count the number of point features within a polygon. There are two options available to achieve this:

Use the Spatial Join tool

  1. Go to ArcToolbox > Analysis ToolsOverlay > Spatial Join.
Go to Spatial Join tool.
  1. In the Spatial Join dialog box, fill the required fields and parameters as follow:
    1. Target Features: Polygon layer
    2. Join Features: Point features
    3. Join Operation: JOIN_ONE_TO_ONE and check the Keep All Target Features option.
    4. Match Option: COMPLETELY_CONTAINS. For this option, the point features in the join features are matched when a polygon target feature completely contains them.
    5. Leave other parameters as default.
Run the Spatial Join tool
  1. Click OK to run the tool.
  2. Open the attribute table for the join output, and look for the Join_Count field. The number in the field represents the number of point features within the polygon, which in this example is the number of earthquakes occurred in Indonesia.
Output for the Spatial Join tool


Create a count field and a spatial join between the point shapefile and the polygon shapefile

  1. In the attribute table of the point shapefile, create a field called 'Count' of type 'Short Integer'.
  2. Calculate the Count field equal to 1 by right-clicking the field name > Field Calculator.
  3. Type the integer 1 in the white dialog area below Count = , and click OK.

    [O-Image] Field Calculator Count = 1
  4. Right-click the polygon shapefile and click Joins and Relates > Joins. Click the drop-down list and select Join data from another layer based on spatial location.
  5. Specify the point shapefile from Step 1.
  6. Select the first bullet (Each polygon is given a summary of the numeric attributes...) and check the Sum box.
  7. Specify an output location, and click OK.
  8. A polygon shapefile with the 'Count' field indicating how many point features lie within each polygon feature is now present. This is usually named 'Sum_Count' or 'Count_'.

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