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- [Euclidean geometry] A three-dimensional, closed geometric shape, all planar sections of which are ellipses or circles. An ellipsoid has three independent axes and is usually specified by the lengths a,b,c of the three semi-axes. If an ellipsoid is made by rotating an ellipse about one of its axes, two axes of the ellipsoid are the same, and it is called an ellipsoid of revolution, or spheroid. If the lengths of all three of its axes are the same, it is a sphere.
- [geodesy] When used to represent the earth, an oblate ellipsoid of revolution made by rotating an ellipse about its minor axis.
- [cartography] A 3D figure obtained by rotating an ellipse 180 degrees about its polar (minor) axis.