How To: Split a circle polygon into half in ArcMap
In some instances, it is necessary to split a circular area in half. The image below shows a circle with its attribute table before it is split. The total area is roughly 8,631,337 square feet.
To split a circle into half using Cut Polygons Tool, follow the steps below:
- In ArcMap, start an edit session. Select the circle 'polygon' to split.
Note: If the Editor toolbar does not appear, click Customize > Toolbars > Editor.
- In the Editor toolbar, click the Cut Polygons Tool icon . The Straight Segment icon is automatically selected .
- Click Editor > Options. In the Editing Options window, enable the Show feature construction toolbar option, and click OK.
- Click anywhere at the edge of the circle. The Feature Construction toolbar appears.
Note: To ease line construction, enable snapping options by clicking Editor > Snapping > Snapping Toolbar.
- In the Feature Construction toolbar, click the Constrain Perpendicular icon . Creating a straight line that is perpendicular to any edge of a circle draws across the centroid to split the circle in half. For more information on creating a line at an angle, refer to ArcMap: Creating a segment using an angle and a length.
- Draw a straight line across the circle and snap the line at the other edge of the circle. The circle automatically splits. Opening the attribute table shows the circle is split into two. In this example, each half has an area of roughly 4,315,668 square feet.
- How To: Find the centroid of polygons using Calculate Geometry
- How To: Divide a circle polygon feature into segments of a specific angle in ArcMap
- How To: Convert polygon features to point features with an ArcGIS Desktop Basic or Standard license
- How To: Calculate feature centroids
- ArcMap: Splitting a polygon
- ArcMap: Using the Cut Polygons tool