Problem: Using Update Georeference in ArcMap moves a raster image to a different location
When georeferencing a raster image using Update Georeference in ArcMap, the image moves to a different location.
- The 'Use world file to define the coordinates of the raster' option is checked. When the option is checked, ArcGIS reads the georeferencing information stored in a world file instead of the GeoTIFF file.
- This is a known issue logged by Esri as a defect, BUG-000111060.
Solution or Workaround
Use one of the following options to resolve the issue:
Rectify the raster file
Rectify the raster file. If this does not work, uncheck the Use world file to define the coordinates of the raster option. Follow the steps below:
- Click the Customize menu and click ArcMap Options.
- Click the Raster tab.
- In the Raster Dataset tab, uncheck the Use world file to define the coordinates of the raster option.
Remove the image from the map
Remove the image from the map and delete the associated .tfwx, tif.aux.xml, and tif.ovr files. Georeference the .tif file and click Update Georeferencing. This generates new associated .tfwx, tif.aux.xml, and tif.ovr files.
- ArcGIS Help: Fundamentals of georeferencing a raster dataset
- Problem: The raster image shifts from the original location when adding control points