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How To: Use Spline with Barriers to visualize the depth of water channels

Summary

The depth of water channels can be visualized by using raster interpolation with values collected using GPS. This can be done using the Spline with Barriers tool, however, using only the Spline tool interpolates all values including the area outside the water channels.

When creating raster interpolation using Spline.

Procedure

The following instructions describe how to use Spline with Barriers to visualize the depth of water channels:

Note:
The Spline with Barriers tool requires a Spatial Analyst or 3D Analyst license.
  1. Create a rectangle feature around the channels feature.
    1. Draw a graphic rectangle using the Rectangle tool on the Draw toolbar.
      On the Draw toolbar, click the rectangle graphic.
    2. Convert the rectangle graphic to a feature by using the Convert Graphic to Feature command.
  2. Combine the rectangle and channel features using the Union tool.
    1. In the Catalog window, navigate to System Toolboxes > Analysis Tools > Overlay > Union.
    2. Select the rectangle and channel features as input features.
    3. Click OK. A new layer is created.
      Select the channel feature and the rectangle feature as inputs and run the tool
  3. Remove the channel interiors feature from the output created in Step 2.
    1. Start an edit session on the output feature created in Step 2.
    2. Open the attribute table of the feature.
    3. Select the channel interiors feature from the map.
    4. Right-click the selected feature in the attribute table > Delete Selected.

      Delete the channel interiors feature from the attribute table.
    5. Save and stop the editing session.
  4. Interpolate the raster by running the Spline with Barriers tool on the point feature containing depth values and the feature from Step 3.
    1. In the Catalog window, navigate to System Toolboxes > Spatial Analyst Tools > Interpolation > Spline with Barriers.
    2. For Input Point Features, select the point feature containing depth values..
    3. For Z value field, select the field with depth values.
    4. For Input barriers features, select the output feature created in Step 3.
      Select the input point feature, z value field from the point feature, and the input barrier features.
    5. Click OK.
  5. Modify the raster symbology.
    Note:
    Users may modify the color ramp and classes.
    1. In the Table Of Contents, right-click the raster layer > Properties.
    2. On the Symbology tab, click Classified in the left pane.
    3. Click Classify to open the Classification dialog.
      In the Layer Properties window, group the raster values into classes.
    4. Select Manual from the Method drop-down list. Click OK.
    5. Click OK to apply the changes.
    Note:
    The Spline with Barriers tool may produce negative values because it does not understand the real-world scenario. This depends on the user's data, negative depth may not be relevant in the analysis. If necessary, exclude negative values from the symbology classification by following the steps below:
    
    1. In the Classification window, click Exclusion.
    
    Click Exclusion in the Classification window.
    
    2. In the Data Exclusion Properties window, enter values or ranges to exclude from the classification. Click OK > OK.
    
    User-added image
    
  6. Clip the raster output.
    1. In the Table Of Contents, right-click the data frame layer > Properties > the Data Frame tab.
    2. In the Clip Options section, select Clip to shape from the drop-down list.
    3. Click Specify Shape.

      In Data Frame Properties, in the Clip Options section, select Clip to shape, and click Specify Shape to open the Data Frame Clipping window.
    4. Select the Outline of Features option.
    5. Select the rectangle feature created in Step 1 from the Layer drop-down list. Click OK.

      In the Data Frame Clipping window, select the option Outline of Features.
    6. Click OK to apply the changes. The example of the output is shown below.
      Output 1

      Output 1 close up

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