Problem: Zooming to a layer doesn't zoom to the correct extent of the features in the feature class
After adding a feature class to a blank data frame in ArcMap and right-clicking the feature class to zoom to the layer, the view does not zoom to the correct spatial extent of the feature class.
This is because the spatial extent property of the feature class is incorrect or corrupted, potentially caused by failure of recalculating extent after adding new features or removing features from the original feature class.
Solution or Workaround
With an ArcGIS for Desktop Standard or Advanced license: