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How To: Build a spatial index for a shapefile


Instructions provided describe how to create a spatial index for a shapefile.


  1. Start ArcCatalog.
  2. Navigate to the location of the shapefile.
  3. Right-click the shapefile and select Properties.
  4. Select the Index tab.
  5. Click the Add button in the Spatial Index section.
If the Add button is disabled, the shapefile may be locked by ArcMap. Save the map document and close ArcMap before attempting step 5 again.

Last Published: 3/10/2021

Article ID: 000006147