The following error is returned related to the Esri Desktop Indexing Service:
"Serious Application Error"
This error is not associated with any operation of ArcMap or ArcCatalog, and may occur when all other Esri software applications are closed.
If an application associated with ArcGIS Desktop generates large files during processing, and the Desktop Indexing Service is running with default settings, excessive memory can be consumed and crash the application with the "Serious Application Error" message.
The DMP files generated from the Serious Application Error are saved at:
These files have names with 'DesktopIndexingService_' as a prefix, followed by the software version and date the file was generated, for example:
Change the Indexing Service default values as described below.
These steps reduce the indexing intervals and prevent the indexing process from consuming too many system resources.