Duplicate points removed in Spatial Analyst are not always the best choice

Last Published: April 25, 2020


When running datasets that have duplicate points through a suface interpolator operation (IDW, Spline, Kriging) in Spatial Analyst, the points that are removed are not always the best choices.


When a point coverage contains more than one point with the same XY coordinate, the Spatial Analyst surface interpolators will process them out. The first point encountered at a particular location is retained, and all other subsequent ones are removed from consideration.

This poises a question on the validity of the final result, as the criteria for deciding which value to use for surface interpolation is the order encountered.

Solution or Workaround

  • Remove the duplicate points before running the surface interpolators. See the Related Information section for articles on how to do this.

  • Use the Geostatistical Analyst, as it provides more control over the decision process for which points are used.

Article ID:000003110

  • ArcMap 8 x

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