Converting polygon features to point features can be done using the Production Polygon to Point tool, which is available with a Production Mapping license, or the Feature To Point tool, which is available with an ArcGIS Desktop Advanced license. Conversion is also possible with a Basic or Standard license.
The image below shows polygons of forest reserve areas in the Northeast of U.S. Points representing the maximum extent, minimum extent, and inside centroid for each polygon are to be determined.
The following are the steps to convert polygon features to point features with an ArcGIS Desktop Basic or Standard license:
Note: Options to create point features are CENTROID, CENTROID_INSIDE, and EXTENT (to create both minimum and maximum extents). More than one selection can be made. For alternative methods to find the centroid location, refer to How To: Calculate feature centroids or How To: Find the centroid of polygons using Calculate Geometry.
Information on the output point features based on the geometry properties selected is added in the attribute table.
Note: If point features do not appear on the map view, disable the background geoprocessing by navigating to Geoprocessing > Geoprocessing Options. In the Background Processing section, uncheck the Enable option, and click OK.
The image below shows the maximum extent, minimum extent, and inside centroid of each polygon. The Make XY Event Layer tool is run three times to project the three geometry properties.
Note: The layer created by the Make XY Event Layer tool is temporary and limited to the current ArcMap session. The data must be exported to create a permanent layer.