shp2sde command may generate the following error:
"SDE Code (-51): Underlying DBMS error Extended DBMS error code: 904 ORA-00904: invalid column name"
When using shp2sde with the -a option to include all attributes or specific fields from the attribute table, shp2sde creates an Oracle table from the attributes of the shapefile.
Oracle table and column names follow these rules:
1 to 30 characters.
Cannot contain quotation marks.
Cannot be an Oracle reserved word.
Must begin with a letter.
Can contain only A-Z, 0-9, $, #, and _.
If the attribute table associated with the shapefile has field names that violate Oracle's rules for naming tables or columns, the error is returned upon executing shp2sde.
The -a option can be used to specify a filename in the form -a file=<file_name> that maps the column(s) from the shapefile to the new database columns of the business (attribute) table.
The file should follow the format: