When attempting to publish a map service from ArcGIS for Desktop to ArcGIS for Server the following error is returned:
"001488: The service you are attempting to publish includes data but the site has been configured such that data cannot be copied to the server".
This issue occurs when the ArcGIS Server site administrator has purposely configured the site to not allow data copying, and the data location of the MXD being used to publish the service is not registered with the ArcGIS Server Data Store. For more information, refer to this ArcGIS help page.
The error may also occur when the MXD file is corrupt. For additional information about other specific errors, please check the server logs.