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How To: Create a square buffer around a point feature

Summary

The Buffer tool creates polygons around the input features at a specified distance. When buffering points, the output is circular by default. The instructions provided describe how to create a square buffer around a point feature.

Procedure


Note:
Both options below require an ArcGIS for Desktop Advanced license; however, use Option B if the input buffer consists of multipart features. Use either option if the input buffer has singlepart features.


Option A: Use the Buffer and Minimum Bounding Geometry tools
1. Launch ArcMap, and add the point feature class or shapefile to the map.

2. To create boundaries around points at a specified distance, navigate to ArcToolbox > Analysis Tools > Proximity > Buffer, or navigate to Geoprocessing > Buffer.

3. In the Buffer window, complete the fields. To run the tool, click OK.

4. To create square polygons for the polygon buffers created above, navigate to ArcToolbox > Data Management Tools > Features > Minimum Bounding Geometry.

5. In the Minimum Bounding Geometry window, complete the fields as follows:
Input Features: the buffer polygons created in Step 4
Output Feature Class: the desired output location for square polygons
Geometry Type: ENVELOPE
Group Options: NONE

6. To run the tool, click OK.

Option B: Use the Buffer and Feature Envelope To Polygon tools
1. Complete Steps 1 through 3 listed in Option A.

2. To create square polygons for the polygon buffers created above, navigate to ArcToolbox > Data Management Tools > Features > Feature Envelope To Polygon.

3. In the Feature Envelope To Polygon window, complete the fields as follows:
Input Features: the buffer polygons created in Step 2
Output Feature Class: the desired output location for square polygons

Note:
If input buffers have multipart features, check the 'Create multipart features (optional)' check box.

4. Click OK. There is a square buffer around the point feature.
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