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Error: Unable to store geocoding service or address locator

Error Message

When attempting to create a new geocoding service (version 8.x) or address locator (version 9.x) in either ArcCatalog or ArcToolbox with the Create Address Locator tool, one of the following error messages displays:

"Unable to store geocoding service".

or

"Unable to store address locator".

Cause

The data used to create the geocoding service or address locator are either read-only or in a directory that is read-only.

Solution or Workaround

Make the directory, which includes parent directories, and/or the data (shapefile, personal geodatabase, file geodatabase, coverage, CAD) writable by unchecking the 'Read-only' option. Then click Apply and OK under the General tab of its properties dialog window.