How To: Compare a field with a substring in another field
Instructions provided describe how to use Select by Attributes to find all the features for which Field1 is contained in Field2.
For example, select features for which Field1='Forest' and Field2='Pine Forest'. The syntax shown here is for shapefiles, but it can be adapted for any datasource which supports the SQL CONCAT, SUBSTRING and CHAR_LENGTH functions.
Select 'Select by Attributes' from the Selection menu.
Build an expression such as "Field2" LIKE '%[Field1 content]%'. Using "Field1" returns the content of Field1 in SQL format which is surrounded by single quotes. The expression needs to extract the literal value of Field1 using SUBSTRING and CHAR_LENGTH:
Concatenate the string with % to use it with the LIKE operator: