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FAQ: What are FIPS codes?

Question

What are FIPS codes?

Answer

Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are numeric codes assigned by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Typically, FIPS codes deal with US states and counties. US states are identified by a 2-digit number, while US counties are identified by a 3-digit number. For example, a FIPS code of 06071, represents California -06 and San Bernardino County -071.

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