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Error: Could not start the ArcSde Service (esri_cov) service > Error 1067

Error Message

Starting an ArcSDE for Coverages service in the services panel returns:

Could not start the ArcSde Service(esri_cov) service on <name>.
Error 1067: The process terminated unexpectedly.

Trying to start the service manually with sdemon -o start gives the error:

esri_cov service failed during initialization.
Please check event log or error log files.
Error starting esri_cov service(0)
Could not start ArcSDE -- Check Network, $SDEHOME disk, DBMS settings and dbinit.sde.

The system event log has the message:

The description for Event ID (100) in Source (esri_cov) could not be found. It contains the following insertion string(s):

esri_cov

Cause

The operating system was installed into a directory other than Winnt and there is no Winnt directory.

Solution or Workaround

Create a Winnt directory. It does not have to contain anything, but it must exist in order to start the service.

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